Emphasis on Indian Culture Reflects RSS Influence on New Education Policy | Latest India News


The renaming of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) to the Ministry of Education and the emphasis on Indian arts, languages ​​and culture reflect the influence of the Rashtriya Syawamsevak Sangh (RSS) on the new policy education (NEP).

The Union cabinet on Wednesday approved the NEP, which also aims to increase public spending on education to almost 6% of GDP from around 4%, cap fees, expand access to higher education and to achieve universal adult literacy by 2035.

An RSS official said the Sangh approved of the language used by the NEP to describe its vision. He speaks of a curriculum and pedagogy developing a “deep sense of respect for fundamental duties and constitutional values, a connection to one’s country and a conscious awareness of one’s roles and responsibilities in a changing world”, added the official. “The policy refers to the need to instill a deep-rooted pride in being Indian, not only in thought, but also in spirit, intellect and deed, which we have emphasized.”

The RSS, which is the ideological source of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, has been pushing for a review of education policy to further Indianize it. He also sought to rewrite history textbooks from what he calls an Indian perspective.

RSS affiliates such as the Bharatiya Shikshan Mandal (BSM) and the Shiksha Sanskriti Utthan Nyas (SSUN) which are involved in areas such as education and culture submitted a series of recommendations to the Narendra Modi government months later. , he was elected to power in the Center in 2014. The offshoots of the RSS have long called for the HRD ministry to be renamed. The issue resurfaced at a BSM conference in 2018, where Modi and then HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar were among the attendees.

SSUN Secretary Atul Kothari said the NEP fits well with the recommendations made by his organization. “A few days after the coronavirus pandemic, we wrote to the PM [Modi] and Minister HRD to ensure that the new policy should also pay attention to online teaching methods. We are happy that it has been included in the NEP.

Another WSO official said that the Ministry of HRD was known as the Ministry of Education until 1985. “Worldwide Ministries of Education are not known as Ministries of Education. resource development.

RSS leader Mohan Bhagwat in August last year hoped the NEP would return individuals who respect themselves, are self-reliant and independent, and rooted in the ethos and culture of the country. He lamented the delay in finalizing the NEP in 2018 during a three-day series of lectures in New Delhi. Bhagwat stressed the need for values-based education and expressed concern about the declining standards of pedagogy and research.

The NEP’s vision of an education system ‘rooted in the Indian ethos’ dovetails with the RSS’s demand for an India-centric policy. RSS sought to provide education in the mother tongue and based on a system that borrows from ancient texts and cultural practices.

The RSS has long advocated teaching in the mother tongue and the implementation of the trilingual formula to promote multilingualism. NEP also responds to this.

The NEP emphasized the popularization of Indian languages. “Sanskrit will be integrated with strong offerings in school – including as one of the language options of the trilingual formula – as well as in higher education. Sanskrit universities will also become large multidisciplinary institutions of higher education .

BSM also welcomed the decision to establish a National Research Foundation under the NEP. The creation of Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog, led by the Prime Minister, is also on BSM’s wish list. BSM urged the government to ensure that academics and not bureaucrats are in charge of key positions in the education sector. He called for encouraging teachers to become administrators and vice-chancellors.


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