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A headstone which depicts two shaking hands as a sign of compromise reads: “In remembrance of Black Beaver. Died May 8, 1880. Aged 74.” Black Beaver’s life is a story of triumph, exile, and service to country against all odds. Much of the legacy of the Lenape people of Oklahoma can be learned by studying …

Rita Coosewoon, 87, was reminiscing about her childhood at Fort Sill Indian School when she paused mid-sentence, searching for a word. “You’ll have to excuse me,” she said with a smile that never reached her eyes. “My brain always thinks in Comanche, and sometimes the English translation just can’t do it justice.” A leading tribal …

American history textbooks often refer to the relocation of Native American tribes or the Trail of Tears. But most omit the Potawatomi Trail of Death. The Death Trail was the 660-mile journey to Kansas by 860 citizens of the Potawatomi Nation from their homes in the Great Lakes region in 1838. “Our death trail got …